Sources: NYT, NYT/CBS, New York Times title Low sugar fruits are great for you but not good for your weight, new study finds article Low-calorie fruits, like berries and mangoes, are good sources of vitamins and minerals, but they are also associated with a host of health problems, including obesity, heart disease, and diabetes, a new study has found.
The findings are published in the Journal of the American College of Nutrition.
“If we look at the benefits of fruit and vegetable consumption, there are definitely fruits and vegetables that are good, but we’re not seeing a lot of fruits and veggies that are really good for our health,” said Dr. Susan W. O’Neill, a senior research scientist at the Institute for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery at Northwestern University and co-author of the study.
“There are many fruit and vegetables which are good but don’t provide the nutrients they’re supposed to.”
The researchers analyzed data from more than 12,000 participants in the Nurses Health Study, a long-running observational study that tracked health and nutritional status for more than 1 million women and men from 1981 to 2006.
Of those participants, more than half consumed at least some fruits and veg, including some high-fiber foods like fruits and berries.
But the vast majority of participants reported eating fruit only on a small number of occasions, mostly to satisfy sweet cravings, or to get a buzz from eating the occasional banana or mango.
“We don’t know how many of these low-calories fruits are actually bad for you,” O’Brien said.
“So it’s important to find out, ‘Do these low calories actually increase your risk of heart disease or diabetes?’
If they do, then they’re definitely not the right foods.”
In this image made from a video, a woman in a cafe in Mumbai, India, looks at a salad with a piece of fruit.
In this photo, a man drinks a lemonade from a bottle with a slice of fruit in it, after having a lunch break.
In the study, researchers measured participants’ daily intake of total energy, saturated fat, sugar, and protein, as well as their physical activity, stress levels, and waist-to-hip ratio.
“People were asking questions like, ‘How many of the fruits and fruits-only fruits do you think are actually good for me?’ and, ‘Does this really lower my risk of developing diabetes?'” said study co-leader Dr. Jennifer K. Lantz, a professor of epidemiology at the University of Colorado Denver and lead author of the paper.
“What we found is that there is a significant association between the amount of fruits eaten and the risk of diabetes, cardiovascular disease, obesity, and all of the other diseases that we expect to see in those populations.”
A large portion of the low-sugary fruit group consumed at most once a week.
The researchers then looked at the relationships between the two groups’ risk of chronic disease and measured the participants’ risk for a particular disease over a period of time.
The results of the analysis showed that the fruits low-in-salt fruit group had a higher risk of disease than the other groups.
“The people who consumed less than 10 fruits a week had a 10% higher risk for chronic disease,” Lantz said.
And the fruit-only group had about half the risk.
“It’s interesting that they had a much higher risk than the others, but the effect was even greater for those who had consumed a lot,” Lopes said.
Low-fat and low-carbohydrate fruits and fruit juices were the most prevalent foods in this group.
The high-saturated fat fruit group also had the highest risk of metabolic syndrome.
“Our results suggest that the people who eat the least amount of fruit are actually doing much worse than the people that eat the most,” Lodes said.
The study was funded by the National Institutes of Health and the American Diabetes Association.
“As Americans, we have a lot to be thankful for, but one of the most important lessons we can learn is that fruits and vegetable intake is an important part of our diet,” said lead author Dr. David K. Miller, a pediatric endocrinologist and a member of the Department of Pediatric Nutrition at Harvard Medical School.
“Consuming fruits and sweet foods at all times, even if it’s a fruit and fruit juice, helps keep us feeling full and healthy.”
Lopes has previously shown that a high intake of fruits also lowers the risk for type 2 diabetes.
“Although it’s not a magic bullet, it could be a way to help people with type 2 Diabetes and lower their risk for obesity and heart disease,” she said.
Lopes and her colleagues also conducted a large-scale randomized trial that looked at fruit consumption in a subset of overweight and obese adults and compared